Posts Tagged ‘communication’

Risk-taking is an essential part of development…

I have tussled with my views on eSafety since well before it was ever labelled thus! With an almost Victorian upbringing (but not age!) and no access to television nor computers, throughout my formative years, the influence of my ‘nurture’ has instinctively been to ‘lock things down’ for children, in order to keep them safe and protect them from the undesirable. It has taken me years to understand – largely through experience, research and a bit more independence of thought, that locking everything down simply won’t do.  Indeed I would argue that we place children in more danger by doing so.

Without trying to pretend that I am more knowledgeable than I am, there are some fundamental basics to learning that I think we all understand. Let’s take the development of speech as an example:

1. We learn through imitation; that is why I speak with the accent I have.

2. We learn through making mistakes and having those pointed out to us; that is why some people speak with grammatical accuracy and some do not. During the development of our speech, it is natural to make grammatical errors; such is the complex nature of speaking English that subject agreement is not always logical. Where these ‘errors’ are pointed out, speech is improved. Where it is not, ‘bad practice’ becomes embedded.

3. We learn through experimentation and risk-taking. By pushing the boundaries in our use of vocabulary and in what we read and hear, we learn what is possible and more about ‘what is out there’, extending our knowledge and understanding as we do so.

Okay, you’ve guessed where I am going with this? – over-simplified though it might be:

1. Imitation: I have less of a connection to make with this one, save to say that peer-pressure is involved – ‘My friend is on Facebook, so too must I be’ and of course, this inevitably leads to the making of mistakes.

2. Mistakes: it is natural, and within reason – desirable, for young people to make mistakes – it is a fundamental part of growing up and development. With the way in which eSafety ‘rules’ are moving in this country (as with Health and Safety before it!) we are stifling a key element of our children’s progress. We complain that they are passive and unimaginative, but we do not allow them to explore or to try things out. (Outside of eSafety, this has manifested itself in such developments as children not being allowed to play outdoors, teachers not being allowed to touch their pupils and the reduction in school trips.)

3. Experimentation and risk-taking: ‘Risk-taking’ is a bit of an educational buzz word at the moment. China does it and we don’t apparently. (Yes, I know I’m over-fond of simplification!) It has even been said that it is becoming a Core Skill. (Heather Rolfe, NIESR) By setting Risk-taking as a school objective or target, many UK Schools are setting themselves up for failure – or merely ‘fooling themselves. Increasingly, school policy is written to eliminate any possibility of risk-taking or spontaneity. In protecting ourselves, under the guise of protecting our children, creativity is plain and simply being stifled from the crib on.

Many of the ideas I appear to lambast, I do understand and sympathise with – have even held. I understand that with the changes in the law, key members of our establishments find themselves in impossibly responsible – and frightening – positions. I understand that we all want to do our best to protect the young people around us. My point is not to question this; it is to ask whether or not we have gone, and continue to go, too far in the wrong direction.

In doing so, might the horrible irony be that we are harming the majority, in order to protect from shadowy, unsavoury possibilities?

Might we be producing a generation of young people who are unable to and unwilling to take risks, so afraid have they been made to feel about the possible consequences. Instead of asking, ‘What is the worst possible thing that might happen?’ why don’t we ask, ‘What is the worst possible thing that is likely to happen?’ How much freer might we be, whereas, not to do so leads to equivalents such as not boarding a flight in case it might crash; not visiting the London Olympics lest it is the target of a bombing campaign and indeed, not eating out in case someone has poisoned the food!

Problem finding is oh so easy, but  what is the solution? I would suggest that we accept that the world out there has many similarities to the one we have always lived in and that the dangers posed by the internet etc merely magnify what has always existed. (I never sat in front of a television or computer growing up, but I need more than my 2 hands to count the number of times I was ‘flashed’ at!) I would also suggest that young people today are not quite as horrified by some of the things that horrify us as adults – they have been brought up in a very different way, with access to many different media – bringing them, on a day-to-day basis into contact with what we might not fully approve of.  Although, we may feel this in some ways to be a sad indictment of society, it is a true one and we need to work with practical realities in our efforts to prepare children for their places in the real world.

Over-filtering and blocking access to numerous sites in our schools, keeps us in a legally sound position, but morally, we are doing our pupils no service whatsoever – we merely ‘push’ the problem outside of the school building, intensifying it as we do so. (The increased use of VLEs is forcing us to reconsider this position – and fast.) As teachers, many of us know what the issues are – parents often don’t. We have the curriculum relevance in our schools to be able to educate in these areas. I am a real fan of the 360 eSafety Self Review tool by the South West Grid for Learning:  It seems to work on the very sensible premise that the higher the ‘mark’ your school gains, the less you are likely to have ‘locked down’.  And the reason for that? You will have educated your students to make educated and sensible choices for themselves, freeing them up to take personal responsibility for their actions. What is the point in preventing them from accessing certain sites at school, when they can walk out of the door to the classroom and access it from their unfiltered smartphones? With these devices, they can access it on the bus on the way home and also from the pcs which they have in their bedrooms. This is where the true potential danger lies; that because of our policies and approach, children have neither the experience, nor education to make sensible decisions and their mistakes can become ‘big’ and public very quickly.

Much better to open up, for instance, a low-key chat facility in school, allow them to access YouTube – so useful in so many ways – but all this on a monitored network, where low-level mistakes can be picked up at an early stage and  consequences gradually made clear – all within a safe and controlled environment and with  full communication with parents about what the school is trying to achieve.

With proper planning, effective monitoring, a well-communicated AUP and clear sanctions, all this is possible and desirable. Let them take risks, I say!


My appeal to anyone out there who organises, conducts or attends meetings

November 24, 2011 6 comments

Where do I begin with this one?  My feelings about meetings are that often, a great deal is said, very little is decided, very few actions are agreed upon, and virtually nothing is followed up.

I have attended staff meetings, working party meetings, committee meetings, group meetings, department meetings, and more, over a period of  over 20 years, not only at MPoW, but those that preceded it and elsewhere. I’m pretty sure that these are not unique experiences, but endemic in modern institutions.  (How many hours of my life have been lost to meetings? To travel too far down this route of reflection would lead to despair, so let me digress no further!)

To structure my appeal,  I shall revert to my favourite writing form when under stress – The List!

I offer below – freely and with heightened hope,  my personal list of what tend to be the features of the VERY FEW good meetings I have attended in my time:

  1. Clarity for all attendees about what type of meeting it is, for example, is this a meeting about problem-solving, decision-making, management, feedback, information, planning or a combination of these?
  2. An agenda, published well in advance of the meeting.  (The consequence of not doing so means you ‘invite’ attendees to arrive unprepared; you also offer the floor to those who love the sound of their own voices and silence the true thinkers – those who prefer / need to think and reflect before coming to any conclusion or offering contributions. Is that what you want?)
  3. An agenda that is manageable in the time.  (Don’t put things on the agenda that simply cannot be covered in the time you have available.  Don’t put an item on the agenda where there is no time to debate or discuss it – you KNOW if the item is likely to generate debate – you do, really, you do!)
  4. Where possible, host the meeting in a comfortable environment, with a layout which encourages rather than stifles debate and discussion.
  5. Start on time.  (I’m sorry, but as far as I’m concerned, my time is precious – there are always other things I could be doing with it.  If a meeting is supposed to start at 4pm, it should start at 4pm.  Don’t you know it’s rude to be late?  Likewise, the meeting should finish on time.  Don’t assume that other people are free to continue just because you are. That is treating attendees in the same manner as those cold callers who phone when you are eating dinner and assume you are keen to discuss your energy tariff or Sky account without the courtesy of asking if you are free to talk!)
  6. A chairperson who is well-prepared and capable of remaining focused, as well as being strong and confident enough to deal with contradictory opinions.
  7. Maintain focus on the agenda: (as I’ve said – but I need you to hear! – my time is precious and I’m sure yours is too.  Don’t digress, don’t waffle, stick to the point and work towards making those actions / decisions, or whatever it is that the meeting’s aim dictates.)
  8. Don’t be afraid of controversy or problematic discussions. ( If these don’t happen in the meeting, they will take place behind closed office doors, and ‘issues’ will escalate.  It is best to confront difficulty openly, within a framework of courteous discussion.  People should feel able to disagree, but this can be done professionally.)
  9. Someone appointed to take minutes – and given advance warning of this.  (Asking someone to take minutes during the meeting will truly irritate them and potentially add to their stress levels.  If you are anything like me, you want to ‘get your head in the right place’ for taking minutes – and maybe even come prepared with your highly sophisticated minute-taking equipment!!)
  10. Where decision-making is required, avoid involving too many parties. ( This leads to delayed action and frustration.)
  11. Follow-up on last minutes /actions:  people need to be held accountable. ( Individuals need to accept ownership for decisions made; actions need to be followed up and reviewed.  Otherwise what’s the point?  Of course the minutes should be published as soon after the meeting as possible and never, never on the day of the next meeting!)
  12. Assuming number 2, above, is in place, encourage debate from all parties where appropriate – (don’t allow the loud-mouths to dominate – they often have the least to ‘say’.)
  13. Consider the frequency of the meetings:( people tend to anticipate meetings as they do a large filling in a front tooth.  However, this is because they attend so many poor and ineffective meetings!   It is stressful to attend meetings with overfull, unmanageable agendas.  If you need more meeting time, don’t ‘shy away’ from organising more.  Much better to have more frequent, but well planned-meetings where things ‘get done’.  This is a  satisfying and constructive use of  everyone’s time).

And a final rebellious thought for those who attend, rather than conduct meetings: are you prepared to tolerate losing hours of your life to ‘shoddy’ meeting engagements?  Why not speak out and insist upon, at the very least, some basic meeting standards?  Of course, real life can get in the way of a good meeting and we must be understanding of this reality – it is persistent bad practice we must resist!

Certainly, my outburst has made me feel better already – blood pressure levels have gradually reduced, number by number, as my list has progressed!  I would welcome your comments below.

“A little rebellion now and then… is a medicine necessary for the sound health of meetings.” – Thomas Jefferson (with a very minor tweak by me!)

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